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Bone Marrow Transplantation in Blood Cancer

Bone marrow is a spongy material that fills the Bones. It contains stem cells which develop into red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

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Bone marrow is a spongy material that fills the Bones. It contains stem cells which develop into red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. If the bone marrow malfunctions due to blood cancer, then a deficiency of these cells occurs. This results infections, bleeding and ultimately death. Bone marrow transplantation is a procedure which includes replacement of diseased marrow by healthy marrow. Bone Marrow Transplant is done to Cure Blood Cancer.

Types of Bone marrow transplantation:

1. Autologous transplant :

In this type, after treating cancer, the team of doctors collect patients own stem cells from blood and freezes them. Next, patient have a very high dose of chemotherapy and rarely radiotherapy. Then frozen stem cells are put back in patients’ blood through a tube placed in a vein. Stem cells take 24 hours to reach bone marrow. Then stem cells start to grow, multiply and help the marrow to make healthy blood cells.

Bone Marrow

2. Allogeneic transplantation :

In this type patient receives chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy. Next, patients receive donors stem cells through a tube placed in patient’s vein. It is most important that donor bone marrow should be matched to patient. The cells in an Allogeneic method are not typically frozen. So patient can receive donor’s cells immediately after chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

3. Umbilical cord blood transplant :

If the patient cannot get right donor, then by using this method cells are collected from the blood of a new born’s Umbilical Cord.

Summary: In Bone marrow transplantation, healthy stem cells are transplanted into patient’s body after chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Stem cells are collected from patient’s body, donor or cord blood.


Magnus Medi blogs are purely meant for information purpose. It contains only general information and discussions about health and its related subjects. It is not a medical advice and should not treat as such. The words and other content provided in this blog, and in any linked materials, are not intended and should not be construed as medical advice. The opinions and views expressed on this blog are referred by a healthcare site and from experienced medical practitioners.

If the reader or any other person has a medical concern, you should consult with your health care provider or seek other professional medical treatment. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it. Or you can contact us our executive will help you get the second opinion from renowned doctors.

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